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AIOU SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 1 CODE 1431 AUTUMN 2016
Aiou solved assignment 1 for subject code 1431 ICT for semester autumn 2016. The solved assignment 1 for this code 1431 for the autumn 2016 is fully and completely solved assignment with complete detail. The fourth question of this solved assignment code 1431 for autumn 2016 is about difference between ICT and Telecommunication. s
AIOU SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 1 CODE 1431 QUESTION # 4
QUESTION NO.4:- EXPLAIN THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN “ICT” AND “TELECOMMUNICATION”.
Answer:-Information and communications technology:-Information and communications technology (ICT) has become, within a very short time, one of the basic building blocks of modern society. Many countries now regard understanding ICT and mastering the basic skills and concepts of ICT as part of the core of education, alongside reading, writing and numeracy. ICT permeates the business environment, it underpins the success of modern corporations, and it provides governments with an efficient infrastructure. According to 2009 World Bank report, it was found. That for every 10 percent increase in high speed internet connections, there is a 1.3 percent increase in economic growth. The impact of ICTs is also seen in their creative and cost-efficient use in basic sectors, such as education, health, and agriculture, among others. Telecommunication is now considered an infrastructure essential to a country’s economic development and competitiveness. Apart from facilitating communication and various economic activities, telecommunications is an economic sector in itself. The
mobile phone boom worldwide has created jobs and generated income for the government, operators, manufacturers, service providers, and application/content developers. In developing countries, mobile phones serve as the universal access tool, especially for their low-income populations. ICT consists of IT as well as telecommunication, broadcast media, all types of audio and video processing and transmission and network based control and monitoring functions 1-5.
The expression was first used in 1997 in a report by Dennis Stevenson to the UK government and promoted by the new National Curriculum documents for the UK in 2000.The term ICT is now also used to refer to the merging (convergence) of audio-visual and telephone networks with computer networks through a single cabling or link system. There are large economic incentives (huge cost savings due to elimination of the telephone network) to merge the audio-visual, building management and telephone network with the computer network system using a single unified system of cabling, signal distribution and management. This in turn has spurred the growth of organizations with the term ICT in their names to indicate their specialization in the process of merging the different network systems
Telecommunication is the transmission of information over significant distances to communicate. In earlier times, telecommunications involved the use of visual signals, such as beacons, smoke signals, semaphore telegraphs, signal flags, and optical heliographs, or audio messages via coded drumbeats, lung-blown horns, or sent by loud whistles, for example. In the modern age of electricity and electronics, telecommunications now also includes the use of electrical devices such as the telegraph, telephone, and tele-printer, as well as the use of radio and microwave communications, as well as fiber optics and their associated electronics, plus the use of the orbiting satellites and the Internet. A revolution in wireless telecommunications began in the first decade of the 20th century with pioneering developments in wireless radio communications by Nikola Tesla and Guglielmo Marconi. Marconi won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1909 for his efforts. Other highly notable pioneering inventors and developers in the field of electrical and electronic telecommunications include Charles Wheatstone and Samuel Morse(telegraph), Alexander Graham Bell (telephone), Edwin Armstrong, and Lee de Forest (radio), as well asJohn Logie Baird and Philo Farnsworth (television).The world’s effective capacity to exchange information through two-way telecommunication networks grew from 281 peta bytes of (optimally compressed) information in 1986, to 471 peta bytes in 1993, to 2.2(optimally compressed) Exabyte’s in 2000, and to 65 (optimally compressed) exa-bytes in 2007. This is the informational equivalent of 2 newspaper pages per person per day in 1986, and 6 entire newspapers per person per day by 2007. Given this growth, telecommunications play an increasingly important role in the world economy and the worldwide telecommunication industry’s revenue was estimated to be $3.85 trillion in 2008. The service revenue of the global telecommunications industry was estimated to be $1.7 trillion in2008, and is expected to touch $2.7 trillion by 2013.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ICT AND IT
IT and ICT must not be confused with each other because they are two different fields. The industry of Information Technology (IT) which involves computers, software, networking and other IT infrastructures to help relay or manage information is very important in modern-day living as seen primarily in big companies or corporations that run multi-billion-dollar ventures. So IT helps strengthen companies with the existence of a set of IT personnel that are equipped with servers, database management systems, and security measures for protecting confidential information about the company. Without IT, all of the company’s important data can easily be compromised by many outside attackers and hackers alike. In an IT department, there are several specialists like a system administrator, IT manager, network engineer, computer programmer, and other IT experts that are all tasked with different specific roles. The core services of IT are summarized as giving tools that hasten company productivity, automates business processing, establishes a way to connect effectively with valuable customers or clients, and also the basic core service of supplying information. The more specific sub-tasks included in these core services are installing programs or computer software, building computer networks, designing an effective electronic system, and also managing an entire bulk of information in the form of databases. “ICT,” completely known as “Information Communications Technology,” is more inclined to the education setting. In the more general sense, ICT is described as using computers and other digital technologies to aid individuals or institutions in handling or using information.
ICT is used in the academe for the benefit of the individual or the institution which is smaller in size than the ones handled by IT professionals in bigger industries. ICT can be as simple as utilizing audiovisual equipment for learning at school, the use of electronic telephony and other devices that help transmit information across the campus. Since 1997, ICT has also been recognized as the incorporation of telephony and audiovisual devices in computers. This direction helped academic institutions cut down the cost of operations, most especially in the removal of traditional telephone networks.
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