AIOU SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 1 CODE 8606 AUTUMN 2016
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AUTUMN 2016 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 1 CODE 8606
WHAT IS A PERSON’S RELATIONSHIP TO THE EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT?
There are differences in cultures with respect to people’s relationships to the external environment. In some cultures people dominate over their environment. In some cultures people can live in harmony with their environment and do not see any real separation between people and nature. In other cultures people are subjugated by the environment and people accept the inevitable forces of nature. (Adler, 1997.) Cultures obviously differ today widely in how they value their technological environment and the role of information technology.
The old Finnish saying “If God is willing and the weather permits”, illustrates the Finns’ relationship to the environment and nature. In Finland, the climate has set rules to sources of livelihood. When agriculture was the main industry, people’s lives were a struggle against weather conditions. Today many persons’ livelihoods today still depend on forestry and paper industries. Although Finns try to dominate nature, they also know that forces of nature are too powerful to be completely dominated by them. Today Finns value information technology and believe it to help them in the Information society (On the Road, 1997.)
Sami people want to live in harmony with the nature. Their way of life does not derivate or destroy the nature. The Sami people believe the stories that there are earth spirits living underground, so people should not pour hot water on the ground in order not to disturb there earth spirits (Aikio et al., 1996). According to Sami culture there are also other kinds of spirits living in nature, and nature itself should be considered holy.
AIOU SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 1 CODE 8606 AUTUMN 2016 B.ED COURSE
WHAT IS THE PERSON’S RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER PEOPLE?
There are differences in cultures with respect to how people see a person’s relationship to other people. In some cultures, people are individualistists and use personal characteristics and achievements to define themselves and value individual welfare. In other cultures people are group-oriented and define themselves as members of groups, which can be clans or communities. In these cultures people consider common goals and the groups’s welfare most important. (Adler, 1997.)
Traditionally, especially in the eastern part of Finland collectivism has been strong. People had to work together as a family and with neighbours. (Siikala, 1996.) Today urbanisation has broken the sense of collectivism. As people moved to cities, mostly in the 60’s and 70’s, they tried to continue the habit of joint activities. After the first years it decreased to a minimum. (Kortteinen, 1982.) Today collectivism has changed to individualism.
Sami people are group-oriented; families and communality are strong. A family spirit has an important role in the education of children. Sami people are also seen as withdrawn and silent people who do not necessarily want to approach an outsider and who often fear and escape people who are unknown to them (Itkonen, 1984.)
AIOU SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 1 CODE 8606 AUTUMN 2016 FOR B.ED STUDENT
WHAT IS THE PRIMARY MODE OF THE ACTIVITY?
There are differences in cultures with respect to the primary mode of activity. Some cultures stress doing, or action, and achieving outcomes. The members of the culture are do-ers, who want to achieve the most in life. The other cultures stress being and suppose that people, events and ideas flow spontaneously. The members of the culture are be-ers, who want to experience life. The do-er is more active, and the be-er is more passive. (Adler, 1997.)
One of the most important value in the Finnish culture is the appreciation of work. A person is respected if s/he is a hard worker, a do-er. Work is the measure of success and basis of self-esteem. (Kortteinen, 1992.) Today in Finland there is high unemployment. Because work is such an important value in the Finnish culture, this has meant that many people have lost faith in the future.
Also Sami people are always doing, but they have no hurry. Life goes on, and days are filled with everyday tasks. Sami people just want to live happily. Because Sami people do not aim to collect wealth, the others can see them as lazy. However, if the help is needed, Sami people will work hard to be able to help (Fellman, 1980). Today many antivities of Sami people are connected to tourism.
North Carolinians believe in work. Many counties in North Carolina are experiencing rapid economic growth while others are experiencing a lack of employment opportunities. Many of the mountain folks continue to make their live hood from the land. If the children of farmers go to college and receive a degree, they rarely return to home (Roberts, 1973).
HOW DO PEOPLE SEE SPACE?
There are differences in cultures with respect to people’s idea from physical space. Various cultures have different opinions whether the space should be seen public or private. (Adler, 1997.) Both private and public spaces are important for Finns. On the one hand, home is a private place, where Finns can be safe and do what and how they want to do. The respect of owning land has been strong.
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